Proper Use of Child Safety Seats


The selection of the proper safety seat is often confusing. Parents / caregivers must consider the weight and height of the child when selecting the proper seat.

The following chart shows the recommended type of child safety seat that you should be using for your child, based on weight and age.

Seat Requirement
Toddlers / PreschoolersYoung Children
Age Group
InfantsToddlers / PreschoolersYoung Children
WeightBirth to at least one year and 20 to 22 pounds.Over 20 pounds to 40 pounds, and over one year.Over 40 pounds, and up to 80 pounds or more.
Type of SeatInfant only or rear-facing convertible.Convertible / Forward Facing.Belt-positioning booster seat.
Seat PositionRear-facing only.Forward-facing.Forward-facing.
Always Make SureChildren to at least one year, and at least 20 Lbs, are in rear-facing seats in the back seat. Harness straps at or below shoulder level.Harness straps should be at or above shoulders. Most seats require top slot for forward facing.Belt-positioning booster seats must be used with both lap and shoulder belt.
WarningDo no place infants in the front seat of cars with air bags.All children age 12 and under ride in the back seat.Make sure the lap belt fits low and tight to avoid abdominal injuries.