Proper Use of Child Safety Seats

Overview
The selection of the proper safety seat is often confusing. Parents / caregivers must consider the weight and height of the child when selecting the proper seat.

The following chart shows the recommended type of child safety seat that you should be using for your child, based on weight and age.


Infants Toddlers / Preschoolers Young Children
Weight Birth to at least one year and 20 to 22 lbs. Over 20 lbs. to 40 lbs., and over one year. Over 40 lbs., and up to 80 lbs. or more.
Type of Seat Infant only or rear-facing convertible. Convertible / Forward Facing. Belt-positioning booster seat.
Seat Position Rear-facing only. Forward-facing. Forward-facing.
Always Make Sure Children to at least one year, and at least 20 Lbs, are in rear-facing seats in the back seat. Harness straps at or below shoulder level. Harness straps should be at or above shoulders. Most seats require top slot for forward facing. Belt-positioning booster seats must be used with both lap and shoulder belt.
Warning Do no place infants in the front seat of cars with air bags. All children age 12 and under ride in the back seat. Make sure the lap belt fits low and tight to avoid abdominal injuries.