Impact Fees & Needs Assessment Update
What are Impact Fees?
The Village of Menomonee Falls has seen and is expecting population growth and significant residential, commercial, institutional, and industrial development now and in the future. As a result, the village has constructed expanded park, water supply, sanitary sewer, and fire station facilities and is planning for additional facilities to meet the anticipated demands of future development. Impact fees are charged to developers or builders of new sites to help offset some of these expected future costs.
The amount of the impact fee is based on a reasonable estimate of the demand that a new development will create for public facilities. Impact fee law requires that impact fees must bear a rational relationship to the need for new, expanded, or improved public facilities. This means that impact fees should not be charged to new development if that development is not likely to create a demand for a specific type of facility for which an impact fee is imposed.
In 2014, the Village retained Trilogy Consulting to update the Public Facilities Needs Assessment and Impact Fee Study to update the parks, water supply, sanitary sewer, and fire stations facilities needs and capital costs to serve the village through the year 2035 and to determine appropriate and fair impact fees to recover a portion of the costs for those facilities. The Public Facilities Needs Assessment contains detailed projects lists and estimated costs upon which the impact fees are based.
How are my Impact Fees being spent?
The impact fee statute allows the use of impact fees for a wide variety of public facilities projects. Impact fees may be used to pay for a proportionate share of capital costs of highways, traffic control facilities, sewerage facilities, storm water facilities, water supply facilities, parks facilities, solid waste and recycling facilities, fire protection facilities, law enforcement facilities, emergency medical facilities, and libraries that are necessary to serve related growth. However, impact fees may not be used for the purchase of vehicles and equipment, or for school district facilities.
What is a Needs Assessment?
The Needs Assessment is the document that lays out the projects that the village intends to construct in the future along with the associated costs of these project. These lists of projects and costs are then used to determine the amounts of the impact fees by future development. The list of projects can be greater than the amounts of the impact fees that a municipality collects as is the case for the village. Impact fees cannot be used on a project that is not in this needs assessment.
On April 2nd, 2018 the Village Board approved Amendment #2 to the Public Facilities Needs Assessment and Impact Fee Study Update, and on October 2nd, 2017 the Village Board approved Amendment #1 to the Public Facilities Needs Assessment and Impact Fee Study Update, with the original Public Facilities Needs Assessment and Impact Fee Study Update being approved in January of 2015.